Without question, it takes time and effort to prepare a dog for a baby, but it is time and energy well spent. Planning ahead and erring on the side of caution can help everyone live a long and happy life together.
BEFORE BABY ARRIVES
Schedule a vet check. You won’t want to realize that your dog is due for his annual shortly after bringing a new baby home. And your veterinarian can look for any medical conditions that might affect your dog’s behavior or interactions with children, from anxiety to joint pain.
Train your dog. Good manners should be in place, and fluent in the face of various distractions, before the baby arrives. Helpful behaviors include extended sits and downs, settling on a mat, leave it, drop it, going into a crate or confinement area on cue, and loose leash walking (next to a stroller, if that’s in the plans).
Bone up on canine communication. Recognizing the earliest signs of canine stress is key to heading off aggressive behavior.
Establish safety zones for baby and dog. Each of these creatures should have at least one place—in the house and also in the car—that is off limits to the other. Set up physical barriers to delineate these areas clearly. If these limits are new to your dog, start creating positive associations with them and gradually adding distractions as early as possible.
Introduce baby sounds and activities. There are commercial recordings of babies and children intended for this purpose. Play these sounds, at a low level at first, and watch your dog’s response for any signs of agitation. Feed your dog for settling on a mat or bed or otherwise behaving in a relaxed manner while listening. Gradually increase the volume level as your dog gets used to the sounds. Do the same with actions you will be performing with the baby (using a doll swaddled in a blanket) as well as with any accessories that move and make noise.
Stock up on safe, long-lasting chews and Kongs. One Kong that you have to constantly wash out and re-stuff is not going to be enough—make a bucketful to keep in the freezer.
AFTER BABY ARRIVES
Keep baby’s face away from the pointy end of the dog. On coming home, hold the baby so that when the dog investigates, it’s the feet he has access to and not the face. If necessary, use the dog’s pretrained safety zone to set up appropriate distance, and feed the dog treats while adults tend to the baby nearby. Even after introductions have been made, the dog should not be encouraged to lick the baby or sniff the baby’s face, and the baby should not be encouraged to kiss the dog.
Feed dog and the baby separately. Here’s a great tip from my mentor and colleague Laura Monaco Torelli at Animal Behavior Training Concepts: Don’t allow children to interfere with dogs during meals, or vice versa. Babies and toddlers tend to drop food, which can encourage lingering near and under the high chair. A dog can easily learn that nudging, jumping up on, or nipping at the child produces more food on the floor. Manage the dog away from areas where the baby is fed using tethers, exercise pens, or baby gates. Make those areas just as appealing as the high chair using the dog’s own food and treats.
Reinforce relaxed indifference. The dog shouldn’t pay close attention to the baby’s every move—and the baby shouldn’t pay too much attention to the dog either. Use the safety zones you’ve set up, and when baby and dog are sharing space, reinforce parallel play and rest. Hopefully you’ve practiced this ahead of time with your doll or swaddled pillow, but be prepared to temporarily lower your expectations and up the dog’s paycheck for the real thing.
Manage access to the dog as you would access to any other normal but potentially dangerous objects, like knives and matches. Please, please, please read more on this extremely sensible perspective in Madeline Clark Gabriel’s excellent blog series on not letting babies get “magnetized” to dogs.
Seek professional dog help immediately if your dog seems uncomfortable or agitated during any of these preparations, or once the baby has arrived.